cancer Treatments have come a long way in recent years, and over the past three decades, survival rates have increased. according to American Cancer Society, “The risk of dying from cancer in the United States has decreased over the past 28 years according to annual statistics from the American Cancer Society (ACS). The combined cancer death rate for men and women has decreased by 32% from its peak in 1991 to 2019, the last year for which data is available. “. However, the organization noted that “some of this decrease appears to be associated with an increase in the percentage of people with lung cancer living longer after diagnosis, in part because more people are diagnosed at an earlier stage of the disease.”
While there has been a lot of progress, cancer remains one of the leading causes of death in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention “Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, but many cancers are preventable or detected early,” he says, as is the case with liver cancer. Certain lifestyle choices can significantly increase your risk. The number of cases of liver disease has decreased dramatically, but people still die every year from the disease. The Center for Disease Control He says, “Every year in the United States, about 25,000 men and 11,000 women develop liver cancer, and about 19,000 men and 9,000 women die from the disease. The percentage of Americans who develop liver cancer has increased for several decades, but is now declining. Liver cancer is much more common. in other parts of the world than in the United States.”
Knowing the signs of liver cancer, getting early treatment, and practicing healthy habits that can reduce your risk. Eat this, not that! Health has spoken with cancer professionals explaining the symptoms to be aware of liver cancer and what to know. As always, please consult your physician for medical advice. Read on – and to ensure your health and the health of others, don’t miss these things Sure Signs You Already Have COVID.
The liver is one of the most important organs of the body. It is located “in the upper right part of the abdominal cavity, below the diaphragm, above the stomach, right kidney, and intestine. The cone-shaped liver is a dark reddish-brown organ and weighs about 3 pounds or 1 pound in weight,” John Hopkins Medicine States. The liver performs more than 500 vital functions for our body including storing nutrients, breaking down and eliminating waste, regulating blood clotting, removing bacteria from the bloodstream, helping your body fight infection and much more. Maintaining a healthy liver is important to your overall health.
Afshin Safa, MD, medical director of FACR Radiation Oncology at Levi’s Cancer Center with Karama Health Northridge Hospital and medical director of radiation oncology at the Levy Cancer Center associate professor, division of radiation oncology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California He says, “Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. Overall, the prognosis for this aggressive tumor remains poor, however, the survival rate for patients whose tumors are detected at an early stage and who receive treatment Very good Most people with liver cancer have long-term liver disease (also called chronic liver disease) Long-term liver disease increases a person’s chances of developing liver cancer The most common and most serious form of long-term liver disease is a condition called Cirrhosis, which leads to liver scarring.
Ronald Tang, hematologist/oncologist, Los Angeles Cancer Network Beverly Hospital And the Los Angeles Cancer Network He tells us, “Risk factors for developing liver cancer include individuals with cirrhosis whether it is due to alcohol abuse, hepatitis, or fatty liver. You can reduce your risk of developing liver cancer by abstaining from alcohol along with a healthy, low-fat diet with a healthy diet. Good Diet Weight Control Hepatitis can be transmitted through unprotected sexual contact and use of unclean needles.
Dr. Safa says according to Until nowfree service for Alkarama health doctors,
“Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary tumor of the liver that usually develops in chronic liver disease, especially in patients with cirrhosis of the liver due to alcohol abuse, and hepatitis B or C virus infections. It is essential to treat and control alcohol abuse. Likewise, if cirrhosis is caused by an infection, such as hepatitis C, it is important to treat the infection.Prevention of hepatitis infection includes practicing safe sex, not sharing needles/syringes and immunization with vaccines.People with liver cancer, especially if they have the disease, should Long-term liver Avoid alcohol and any drugs that can be harmful to the liver Comprehensive care for patients with cirrhosis includes treatment of the underlying liver disease (eg, antiviral therapy for HBV or HCV), and immunization against hepatitis A and HBV (if indicated). ), and management of cirrhosis, including endoscopic examination and treatment for varicose veins.”
According to Dr. Tang, “Liver cancer is difficult to screen for due to the fact that symptoms occur when liver cancer grows to a large or very advanced size. Individuals may not know they have cirrhosis because the early stages are asymptomatic and by time symptoms appear, the liver is already weaker than to recover. Patients with cirrhosis require annual abdominal ultrasounds to screen for liver cancer.”
Dr. Safa adds: “HCC is often diagnosed late in its course for two reasons: asymptomatic patients with early disease, and limited monitoring of high-risk patients. It is estimated that less than a third of patients with cirrhosis are monitored for HCC. As a result, many patients have advanced disease at the time of diagnosis.” Dr. Safa, UptoDate, adds, “If your doctor suspects you have liver cancer, he or she will perform one or more of the following tests:
MRI, CT scan, ultrasound, or other imaging test Imaging tests create images of the inside of the body and can show abnormal growths.
Biopsy – In this test, your doctor removes a small sample of liver tissue. Another doctor will examine the sample under a microscope to see if it has cancer.”
According to Dr. Tang, “Common signs and symptoms of liver cancer are yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice and hard jaundice), abdominal pain, fatigue, easy bruising, spontaneous bleeding, unintended weight loss, and uncontrollable tea-colored urine. Itchy without a rash. “. Dr. Safa says, “Liver cancer usually does not cause any symptoms of its own. Some patients may have mild swelling or pain in the upper abdomen, feel full sooner when trying to eat, or lose weight. Others may experience it. Symptoms caused by liver disease they had before the cancer These symptoms can be aggravated or come back due to cancer include swelling of the abdomen or leg, and turning the skin or the white part of the eyes yellow.
The CDC says, “In its early stages, liver cancer may not have symptoms that can be seen or felt. However, as the cancer grows larger, people may notice one or more of these common symptoms. It is important to remember that these symptoms are It can also be caused by other health conditions. If you have any of these symptoms, talk to your doctor.
Liver cancer symptoms may include –
- Discomfort in the upper abdomen on the right side.
- A hard lump on the right side below the rib cage.
- Pain near the right shoulder blade or in the back.
- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes).
- Ease of bruising or bleeding.
- unusual tiredness;
- Vomiting and nausea.
- Weight loss for no known reason.
“Treatment methods include surgery by removing the entire tumor if possible along with local treatments that include direct injection of chemotherapy into liver cancer. There are new systemic therapies approved by the FDA over 2-3 years,” explains Dr. Tang. Past good examples which include drugs that target the tumor’s ability to grow blood vessels along with using the patient’s immune system to attack foreign cancer cells.The 5-year survival rate for liver cancer is 20% but patients diagnosed with early stage liver cancer have 35% five-year survival. Like most cancers, early detection increases 5-year survival, so patients with risk factors for cirrhosis or hepatitis should have annual liver imaging to evaluate for liver cancer.”
Dr. Safa explains: “The goal is to detect small tumors when they are less than an inch in size so that a full range of treatment options are available. The survival rate for patients with early-stage tumors who receive treatment is very good. Treatment for liver cancer includes Make many choices, such as which treatment you should take. Treatment depends on the stage of your cancer. It also depends on how healthy your liver is (in other words, how severe your liver disease is before you’ve had cancer).” UptoDate states, “Different treatments include:
- Surgery – Liver cancer can sometimes be treated with surgery to remove the part of the liver that is affected by the cancer.
- Liver Transplant – A liver transplant is a type of surgery in which a doctor replaces a diseased liver with a healthy liver from another person.
- Resection therapy – Resection therapy is a procedure that can kill cancer cells in the liver. It does not involve surgery. Doctors can perform ablation treatment in different ways. They can kill cancer cells with focused radiotherapy, also known as stereotactic ablation radiotherapy (SABR).
- Blocking the blood supply to the cancer – Doctors can do a procedure called “embolization” to block the blood vessels that send blood to the cancer. This prevents the cancer from growing by “starving” the blood supply. Sometimes, the embolization procedure is combined with chemotherapy (“chemo-embolization”) or radiotherapy (“radio-embolization”).
- Immunotherapy – This is the term doctors use for medicines that work with the body’s infection-fighting system (“immune system”) to stop the growth of cancer.
- Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy is the medical term for drugs that kill cancer cells or stop them from growing.”